Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Artemisia herba-alba
Abou El-Hamd H. Mohamed, Magdi. A. El-Sayed, Mohamed E. Hegazy, Soleiman E. Helaly, Abeer M. Esmail and Naglaa S. Mohamed
Department of Chemistry, Aswan-Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Aswan, Egypt
Department of Botany, Aswan-Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Aswan, Egypt
Chemistry of Medicinal Plant Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza,12622, Egypt
Abstract: Artemisia, one of the larger genera in the family Asteraceae and the largest genus in the tribe Anthemideae, comprises from 200 to more than 500 taxa at the specific or subspecific level. Many Artemisia species have a high economic value in several fields, as food plants and as antihelminthic and antimalaria in medicine. Artemisia herba-alba was known for its therapeutic and medicinal properties, it was used in both traditional and modern medicine. Several papers have been published on the chemical composition of specimens of A. herba-alba. The aim of this work is to review all available scientific literature published on A. herba-alba. The focus will be on the chemical constitutions which have been identified from this species, in addition to all of the reported biological activites of this species have been included as well as the pharmacology and toxicology
Keywords: Artemisia herba-alba; sesquiterpenes; flavonoids; essential oil; biological activities.