Fatty Acid, Tocopherol, Sterol Compositions and Antioxidant Activity of Three Garcinia Seed Oils
Doan Lan Phương, Nguyen Thi Thuy, Pham Quoc Long, Pham Minh Quan, Tran Thi Thu Thuy, Pham Thi Hong Minh, Ping-Chung Kuo and Tran Dinh Thang
Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Viet Nam
Graduate University of Science and Technology Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Viet Nam
Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry Quyet Thang, Thai Nguyen City, Viet nam University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Viet Nam
School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University,Tainan 701, Taiwan, ROC
School of Chemistry, Biology and Enviroment, Vinh University, Vinh City, Vietnam
Abstract: The fatty acid, tocopherol, and sterol contents of the extracted seed oils from three Garcinia species, including G. hanburyi Hook. f., G. multiflora Champ. ex Benth., and G. gaudichaudii Planch. & Triana, were analyzed. The results showed that the Garcinia seeds contained a high amount of oil (16.28–29.91%). The major monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids were oleic acid (82.97 % in G. multiflora and 45.37 % in G. hanburyi) and stearic acid (58.87 % in G. gaudichaudii and 50.12 % in G. hanburyi). In addition, three extracted oils exhibited moderate antioxidant activity with G. hanburyi displayed the strongest activity with IC 50 value of 6.34± 0.43 μg /mL or EC 50 = 11.71 ± 0.22 μg /mL.
Keywords: Seed oil; fatty acid; tocopherol; sterol; Garcinia; antioxidant activity . © 2018 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.