JOURNAL 252


Records of Natural Products
VOLUME & ISSUE
Year: 2017 Issue: 3 May-June
PAGES
p.304 - 309
STATISTICS
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AUTHORS
    Stephanie T. Guetchueng, Lutfun Nahar, Kenneth J. Ritchie, Fyaz M. D. Ismail, Jean D. Wansi, Andrew Evans and Satyajit D. Sarker
PDF OF ARTICLE

GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT


ABSTRACT


The fruits of Zanthoxylum leprieurii Guill. & Perr. (Rutaceae) are traditionally used in Africa, particularly in Cameroon, as a spice and in the treatment of sickle cell anaemia. Phytochemical investigation on the fruits of this plant afforded five kaurane diterpenes, i.e., kaurenoic acid (1), xylopic acid (2), ent-kauran-16β-ol (3), ent-16β-hydroxykauran-19-al (4) and ent-16β-hydroxykauran-19-oic acid (5). The structures of these diterpenes were determined comprehensively by spectroscopic means (1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and MS analyses) and also by comparison with respective literature data. Among the isolated compounds, only kaurenoic acid (1) exhibited cytotoxicity against the PC3 cell line with an IC 50 value of 33.28 ± 9.14 µg/mL. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the isolation of these kaurane diterpenes (1-5) from the genus Zanthoxylum.

KEYWORDS
  • Zanthoxylum leprieurii
  • Rutaceae
  • kaurane
  • diterpene
  • fruit
  • traditional medicine.

SUPPORTING INFORMATION


Supporting Information
Download File 37-RNP-1701-010-SI.pdf (1.82 MB)