JOURNAL 34


Records of Natural Products
VOLUME & ISSUE
Year: 2018 Issue: 1 January-February
PAGES
p.101 - 106
STATISTICS
Viewed 1237 times.
AUTHORS
    Chae Sun Na, Min Ju Lee , Seong Su Hong, Yun-Hyeok Choi, Jae-Eun Lee, So-Young Park, Yong Ho Lee and Sun Hee Hong
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GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT


ABSTRACT


The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and neuroprotective activities in the aerial parts of seven Eragrostis species (Poaceae) and to find antioxidant or neuroprotective compounds from the most active species. The total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), 1,1-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (DPPH RSA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and neuroprotective activity against amyloid beta peptide induced toxicity in PC12 cells were measured in the methanol extracts of the aerial parts of E. ferruginea, E. cilianensis, E. minor, E. multicaulis, E. pilosa, E. japonica, and E. curvula collected from June to August 2013. All species showed antioxidant or neuroprotective activities and, among them, E. japonica was the most active species to isolate antioxidant or neuroprotective compounds, because it was found to show both the highest TPC (10.63 ± 0.31 mg/g) and TFC (2.83 ± 0.06 mg/g) values, as well as TAC (11.34 ± 0.80 mg/g) and DPPH RSA (47.07 ± 2.81 µg/mL), with the second-highest neuroprotective value (23.0 µg/mL). Three known compounds were isolated from E. japonica by the bioassay guided approach and these were identified as isoorientin, isovitexin, and caffeic acid that have antioxidant and neuroprotective activities.

KEYWORDS
  • Eragrostis species
  • Eragrostis japonica
  • antioxidant activity
  • neuroprotective activity